The word “culture,” when applied to a profession, can mean different things to different people.
But a lot of the time, the word is used in the same way.
There’s a lot to be said for a profession that’s as committed to its members as its practitioners, that values their contributions to society.
In fact, sociologists, and the sociology profession generally, has long embraced a more inclusive view of the term.
But there’s a way to go about defining it.
As part of a larger movement, sociologist Mary Ann D’Agostino and sociologist Mark A. J. C. Miller have taken a look at how a broad definition of sociology can be applied to its practitioners and students.
And, according to their research, they’ve found that the definition can be useful in describing the kinds of interactions sociologist have with people.
We talked to D’Abostino about the study.
MATT LEVIN: Mary Ann, thank you for joining me on “First Take.”
Mary Ann C. D’Agnostino, sociolinguist, professor at the University of California, Berkeley.
MARTIN ROSS: I appreciate the invitation.
I’m a professor at UC Berkeley and an adjunct professor at Stanford University.
My research focuses on social science and social action.
In particular, I study how sociocultural processes affect the construction of social identities.
My goal is to use sociometric approaches to better understand the complex interactions between sociotechnical processes and the social identities people construct in their lives.
I also like the idea of the “cultural” term.
So I guess the question is: Is this a cultural term, and how is that related to sociology?
MATT: Sociology is a discipline that’s been around for a very long time, and it has many distinctive fields.
So, for instance, the field of social work is called social work.
In other fields, sociology is sometimes called sociology, sometimes not, depending on how you look at it.
I think the term is fairly apt.
Sociology has been around since the early nineteenth century, but there’s no one single word to describe it.
So when you look into the word, it has several different meanings, from “a science” to “a branch of sociology.”
So there’s this broad term of study that can encompass almost every aspect of sociology.
MARY ANN: But let’s look at a little bit of terminology.
When people talk about “sociological research,” they are referring to research done in a field that has a large social impact.
So that means there’s research on issues of justice and social justice.
So for instance: There are research questions that look at the impact of inequality, like: How do we address inequality in society?
What does it mean to be unequal?
And then there are research topics like the social impact of environmental change.
For example: What are the social impacts of climate change?
MARTON: How can you do research in sociology?
Sociology, as a discipline, is a science, but the terms sociological and sociological are often used interchangeably.
The term sociological, of course, is used to describe research on human nature.
And the word sociological itself has two different definitions.
It can refer to research on social structures, like the family or the workplace.
Or it can refer specifically to research about human psychology, or how people think and feel.
And so, for example, sociological research on relationships can often look at what kinds of relationships people have.
Or research on how people interact can often focus on how they relate to one another.
The word sociologically, in this sense, is not a term that can be used interchangeately.
But I think we can still define it as an area of research.
MATHY KELLY: So what exactly are you studying?
MARY Ann D. D. C Miller, sociology professor at University of Texas at Austin.
MANDEL NGAN: I’m professor of sociology at the College of Arts and Sciences at the UC Berkeley.
I’ve been studying sociology since the 1960s, and I was first introduced to sociologic research in 1976, when I joined a department that was investigating the impact and consequences of mass incarceration.
MICHELLE LEWIS: MaryAnn, how did you first get interested in sociology, as opposed to just another field?
M.A. DANIELS: Well, I was a student at the Berkeley Graduate School of Public Health.
I was interested in health issues, so I got into epidemiology, and then, finally, I became interested in sociomedical research, and that’s when I started studying sociostructures.
And I think it’s safe to say that I was one of the first sociometers that actually studied how social structures affect health. M.G